General Principles of Fair Trial

What is a Fair Trial?

This guide for trial observers and NGOs engage in trial monitoring defines what are the basic legal standards that should be used in evaluating the fairness of a trial. It also explains how a trial observation mission should be prepared and carried out in practice. Link to Document  

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, in its 14th article, details the various rights which should be guaranteed for the fulfillment of a fair trial. Link to Document

Article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights: Right to a Fair Trial

This infographic poster depicts article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights and elaborates on the fair trial provisions which it guarantees. Link to Media

Human Right #10: Right To Fair Trial

This short film sheds light on the importance of the right to a fair trial. Link to Video

Fair Trial

This article presents a legal explanation to the right to a fair trial as reflected in the United States laws and constitution. Link to Article

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, Resolution concerning the law applicable to emergency situations

This document interprets  the scope of the prohibition of the suspension of the judicial guarantees essential for the protection of the rights mentioned in Article 27(2) of the American Convention on Human Rights. Link to Document

Report on Terrorism and Human Rights

This report elaborates on the manner in which international human rights requirements regulate state conduct in responding to terrorist threats. This section of the report presents legal arguments for the applicability of fair trial practices in terrorism cases. Link to Report

African Human Rights Case Law Database: Fair Trial

This database indexes cases relating to fair trial  rights in more than 40 African states, in national and international courts, as well as United Nations teaty bodies. Link to Dtabase

Human Rights Committee, General Comment 13, Article 14, Compilation of General Comments and General Recommendations Adopted by Human Rights Treaty Bodies

Since Article 14 of the Iniernational Covenant on Civil and Political Rights is of a complex nature, this General Comment elaborates, in detail, the different aspects of the fair trial guarantees listed in the Coventant. Link to Report

Issues in focus – Working Group on Arbitrary Detention

These reports present observations by the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention on the different institutions, legal insufficiencies, policies, and judicial practices which, in its opinion, are the cause for the occurrence of cases of arbitrary deprivation of liberty, and on best practices safeguarding against arbitrary deprivation of liberty. Link to Reports