Independence and Impartiality of the Judges

Public Access and the Right to a Fair Trial in China

This article describes  the system through which the public is allowed access to trials in China, and the challenges which this poses to the transparency of the Chinese justice system. Link to Article

Can growing pressure make Lebanon’s army reform its military courts

This article analyzes the challenges which the Lebanese mulitary Court poses to the Lebanese justice system. Link to Article

Promoting the rule of law and integrity in the Arab world

This report offers a contextual background on the state of the judiciary in Lebanon, analyzes the principles which govern it, and presents needed policy recommendations. Link to Report

Marshalling Justice in Lebanon: How Military Courts Violate the Conditions of a Fair Trial

This article explains the structure and functionality of the Lebanese Military Court, and how it violates the most basic principles of the fair administration of justice. Link to Article

General Comment No. 32 Article 14: Right to equality before courts and tribunals and to a fair trial

In this General Comment, the Human Rights Committee  notes that the trial of civilians in military or special courts may raise serious problems as far as the equitable, impartial and independent administration of justice is concerned. Link to Document

Basic Principles on the Independence of the Judiciary

This article presents the basic principles of the independence of the judiciary which have been formulated to assist Member States in their task of securing and promoting the independence of the judiciary. Link to article